Technology has brought us to ease from the old traditional way of teaching. Nowadays we can teach online and asses the students online and the student will not be able to run up and down the library and teachers class. All they have to is log on to internet and access their tutorials and ask questions online to the tutor. “In essence, e-learning is a computer based educational tool or system that enables you to learn anywhere and at any time. Today e-learning is mostly delivered though the internet, although in the past it was delivered using a blend of computer-based methods like CD-ROM. Technology has advanced so much that the geographical gap is bridged with the use of tools that make you feel as 6 if you are inside the classroom. E-learning offers the ability to share material in all kinds of formats such as videos, slideshows, word documents and PDFs. Conducting webinars (live online classes) and communicating with professors via chat and message forums is also an option available to users.” ((Epignosis, 2014)
Like in office administration you can give exercises online, create automated tests online and creation of engaging content. E-learning offers the flexibility of learners learning styles to meet their lifestyles even if they didn’t understand within a given period, they can always come back and redo or revisit the site at their own pace. E-learning is fun and there is no boundaries or restrictions, because there is no time allocated to them and they can do it on their own. It also lets people communicate through forums, chats or e-mails allowing introverts to take part in conversations on the platform. (Epignosis, 2014)
We as tutors also become hesitant to use the technology fearing the inexperience of using different sites, but we need to be continuously online and visit different sites to be more exposed to technology. “The more technology is used in the classroom and outside the classroom the more likely it will be that the educator and student will adopt and embrace technology, using it in other areas of their lives outside the classroom” ((Ndakotule, 2014), p.10)
Epignosis. (2014). e-learning Concepts, Trends, Applications. Book.
Ndakotule, A. (2014). ICT for Educators B (C. for \Open and L. L. (COLL), ed.). Windhoek: Namibia University of Science and Technology.
Online assessment is a significant technological advancement that should be involved in the education system. Conducting tests nowadays should not be stressful as technology has revolutionized the whole education system. Conducting assessments online has become easier today as there is no requirement of using the paper and pencil option. Quizzes and portfolios are conducted on a computer which ultimately saves not only time but also the most important product, that is paper. These are the reasons why this online method is accepted by every educational institute which has computers with internet connection available. Vipin Singh (April 12, 2019) EQA - Online Test Platforms.
Online assessment allows student to access from home without travelling long distance and can do so anytime they prefer too, as long as the timeframe can still accommodate them to complete their tasks. Feedback is more effective for a student or for an individual when it is given immediately after their task is complete. Students are delighted when they get their results and feedback automatically immediately after the test.
Online assessment allows students to complete their work at their own schedule - evenings, weekends or holidays - whenever and wherever it is convenient for them. Our online classrooms use sophisticated class management software. Online students may work from any location they choose as all course materials, activities and assignments are online which can also be downloaded.
Vipin Singh (April 12, 2019) prepare for your administration assessment, EQA - Online Test Platforms
How online assessment will add value to my field and expertise (Agriculture)
Online assessment is contacted with the purpose of assessing, tracking and recording the trainee’s academic performance. Generally, tests were given in paper printouts in the past and had to be handed out manually. One can now create assessments online. In various educations sectors, the use of information and communication technology (ICT) has a great impact on improving teaching and learning. This offers online courses and digital evaluation which can reduce the burden and lot of paper works when giving assessment tasks to the students (Booth& Berwyn 2003)
Online assessment allows students to have the assessment tasks in their homes, those living in remote areas do not need to travels to towns. As an instructor, using of online assessment will give me time to mark the student’s activities online and provide feedback in a short period of time. The use of online assessment can assist the trainer to accommodate trainees with different learning abilities for example screen readers, amplification devices and text-to-voice and voice-to-text software may support visual, auditory and motor disorder learners.
In my trade for example trainees can use online assessment to create electronic portfolios, digital representations and different activities given to them as part of teaching and learning. Trainees can upload images, create video and podcasts, dashboards, spreadsheets. Online discussions and conversations on social media can be a rich source of evaluation data in my trade. According to Born, D. (2013) using of online assessment will reduce plagiarism amongst the trainees, as their work will be checked and create the concept of originality when they doing their assessment tasks.
Booth, R., Berwyn, C. “The development of quality online assessment in vocational education and training”. Australian Flexible Learning Framework, Vol.1, 2003, pp. 17
Born, A. D. (2003). Teaching Tip: How to Reduce Plagiarism. Journal of Information Systems Education, 14(3), 223-224
Online assessment is also known as computer-based assessment or e-assessment, in other words it is the use of information technology to do assessment. this type of assessment compare to traditional way of assessment will add value to fitting and turning trade in many ways but few are given as follows by Great school Partnership (2016) ,online assessment such as portfolios "can help the teacher/trainer to monitor and evaluate the learning progress over time, determine whether students can apply what they have learned to new problems and other subject areas lastly it can encourage trainees to take more ownership and responsibility over the learning process" .
In fitting and turning trainees are train to use computer numeric control machines meaning they are getting ready to accommodate industry 4.0 to 4.1 were the beginning to make the most out of automated lines through their increasing autonomy and interconnections going to be in use and according to Mamilla (2016) "the cnc machines are operating in three stages the INPUT,PROCESSING AND OUTPUT". Trainees will benefit from using computer hence the machine they use are computer control and is the first stage the trainee need to have in place, along the processes they learn and trainers will be able to evaluate and monitor their progress over time. Test and quizzes on CNC machines will offer more information about what trainees gain in particular time. Online self-evaluation can be conducted in the form of quizzes too.
According to Edo-Omufo (2013) "the adoption of e-portfolios in vocational colleges help learners with an online space where they can accumulate evidence of learning achievements. This aid them to reflect on progress made and think about the next step",p.12.Test and quizzes on most computer control machine that are used in the fitting and turning workshop will create a greater overview to a trainer to determine that the trainees can apply what they have learned to new problems in subject area and other mechanical related automated and computerised tasks. Lastly trainees likely to take more ownership and responsibility over the learning process in a short period of time by seeing their progress after evaluation or assessment.
Great school Partnership (2016) , the glossary of education reform, 482 Congress Street, Suite 500 Portland, ME 04101 | 207.773.0505, https://www.edglossary.org/portfolio/
V.R Mamilla (2016), Study on computer numerical control (CNC) machines, International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research: ISSD 2456-0421, www.newresearchjournal.com/scientificVolume 1; Issue1, Page No. 21-25
T. Edo-Omufo, (2013), ICT for educators A, Windhoek, Center for Open and Lifelong Learning, Namibia University of Science and Technology
Compared to paper-based assessment formats, online assessment have a greater potential in Clothing Production to measure complex learning skills, provide immediate feedback and scoring, decrease the time and cost to input data manually (Kuo & Wu, 2013). Studies have found that testing format does not affect test scores, and that CBT offers several advantages over paper and pencil (PNP) testing, convenience of scheduling and the ability to score exam papers instantly (when applied to multiple choice questions) and enhanced security This clearly shows the importance of choosing the right assessment technique for students and the best technique for 21st century assessment is none other than online assessment technique. (Khairil & Mokshein, 2018)
In addition, Online assessment can add value to my trade by improving the assessment process, support flexibility, saves time in the long term and creates consistent and standardised assessment, the progress can be monitored, the assessment activity can be documented, it is financially attractive and learners can be assessed equally. This is an intranet platform used for assessment tasks and is whereby students assessed to test their understanding of course material. ICTs offers many different styles of assessment, from quizzes to workshops to lessons. Each offer different styles of assessment for different users. Online assessment can enhance learning and develop trainees and trainers with ICTs skills.
“E-assessment has enhanced the measurement of learner outcomes and made it possible for them to obtain immediate and direct feedback. It is essential to create a system to assess students, which take into account the educational goals and help students to develop their skills which will be a useful for the society for Students prefer E-assessment, because they can have more control, friendly interfaces and test as games and simulations, which resemble learning environment and recreational activities. It is, also, fast and easy to use. E-assessment provides immediate feedback comparing with paper test, which helps to improve the learning level” (Alruwais, Wills, & Wald, 2018)
Alruwais, N., Wills, G., & Wald, M. (2018). Advantages and Challenges of Using e-Assessment. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 8(1), 34–37. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2018.8.1.1008
Khairil, L. F., & Mokshein, S. E. (2018). 21st Century Assessment: Online Assessment. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(1), 659–672. https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v8-i1/3838
Online assessment is also known as e-assessment, this is a computer- assisted assessment or computer-based assessment. This is a use of information technology in various forms such as in the high education, high institution, universities and technical vocational education just to mention few. Online assessment is very important since it will add value to an ICT fields in different ways.
In ICT field there are many software applications that can be used to create online assessment such as MOODLE, hot potatoes, webpa and many others. These types of shareware software enable ICT trainers to create electronic exercise whereby you use a jquiz from hot potatoes, neither to use MOODLE assessment activities. In this way the quiz exercise are automatic marking, it is giving feedback to trainees at the same time which is different from traditional assessment. Trainee’s assessment marks are storage, retrieved and transmission automatic by the computer, this can saves time for trainers.
The other important computer-based assessment used in ICT field is an e-portfolio. “The students general use e-portfolio to collect their work, reflect upon strengths and weaknesses and strive to improve’ (Fagan, 2012 p.8). It is a web based collection of students work collected gathered over time. E-portfolio can be used to ICT trainers to facilitate the coaching of learning process based on the assessment scores. The implementation of e-portfolio platform in the program problem solving competencies (European Institute for E-Learning 2003). In this way it will be easy for ICT trainers and trainees to reflect on their work activities. E-portfolio will able to add value to ICT field in a sense that trainers and trainees benefits from it because schools will be having tools to track the trainees learning history and provide educational guidance. Trainees are taking their activities at their own time, at their own pace, when they are ready, this will increase trainee’s confidence.
European Institute for E-Learning (EIfEL). (2003). In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2008. EMBS 2008. 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejoc.201200111
Fagan, S. M. B. (2012). Unit 11. Using German Vocabulary, 307–329. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511840784.013
Author: Precious Nyaungwa
As much as we loathe the idea of reading a traditional book or walking into a library to look for a book and actually flip through it to read or find information, we should take time to appreciate the traditional humanities as in my opinion, they paved a way for digital humanities. Everything has a background, everything started somewhere, without the efforts of people who invented the printing machines to print books, educating people was going to be a cumbersome business. Who would, then have been able to move to digital humanities without an education? I see traditional humanities as the father of digital humanities, although I wouldn't want to sit and read through a book. I would rather relax, ear phones plugged in and listen to an e-book!